HIV Treatments

Types of HIV Treatment

HIV goes through stages in order to multiply. Different classes of medicines are used together to help fight HIV. They work differently to stop HIV from multiplying at different stages.



  1. Entry Inhibitors work by stopping HIV entry into CD4+ cells
  2. Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors, also known as nukes or NRTIs, help to block the reverse transcriptase proteins that HIV needs to multiply
  3. Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors, also known as non-nukes or NNRTIs, work by binding to and disabling the reverse transcriptase proteins that HIV needs to multiply
  4. Integrase Inhibitors block the enzyme that HIV needs to infect CD4+ cells with its genetic material
  5. Protease Inhibitors, also known as PIs, inhibit an enzyme that HIV needs to make copies of itself

HIV Regimens

HIV treatment involves combining different medicines from different classes. Called Highly Active AntiRetroviral Therapy, or HAART, these combinations are made up of at least 3 drugs from 2 or more classes. The exact combination may vary from person to person, depending on your condition and the advice of your healthcare professional.


Important Safety Information